Namibia is a dry country, with a mean precipitation of 250mm per year. This climatic condition, are worsened by human activities present serious challenges in terms of desertification, land degradation and drought. Due to the climatic differences within the country, Namibia has a broad variety of plant species from desert and semi-desert vegetation to evergreen subtropical plants.
About 70% of Namibia is savannah, predominately Thornbush in central Namibia. Towards the north-east, where there is higher rainfall, the Thornbush savannah slowly turns into Miombo savannah and there is a greater number of trees. In the relatively humid Zambezi, the dominant vegetation form is the woodland savannah, interspersed with single baobabs, wild figs and Makalani palms.
Categories of Forests in Namibia
There are various categories of forest reserves, which are classified according to land use practices, and the composition of resources available there. The Minister of Agriculture Water and Forestry has demarcated reserves on state land that is not communal land.
They are declared on communal land, with the agreement of the Chief or Traditional Authority. A body representing the people who traditionally use the community forest is appointed as the forest management authority.
State Forest Reserves
They are normally declared on state land that is not communal. However, on reasonable grounds, for effective management, any communal land can be declared as a state forest for the purposes of managing forest resources of national importance or to preserve the ecosystems and other components of biological diversity
Regional Forest Reserves
They are similar to state forest reserves, but they are created at the request of the Regional Council, which negotiates with the Chief or Traditional Authority and others whose rights are affected.