Forests are a vital natural resource in Namibia as they reduce soil erosion and conserve water, maintain biodiversity, and provide many products such as wood and foods to communities.
Namibia is a dry country, with a mean precipitation of 250mm per year. The climatic conditions, are worsened by human activities which present serious challenges in terms of desertification, land degradation and drought.
Forest Management Areas are created by agreement between the Minister and the owners or legal occupiers of land and are not part of classified forest.
They are declared on communal land, with the agreement of the Chief or Traditional Authority.
They are normally declared on state land that is not communal. However, on reasonable grounds, for effective management
They are similar to state forest reserves, but they are created at the request of, the Regional Council